Outcomes Of Renal Artery Re-implantation And Bypass In Elective Open Aneurysm Repair
Siwei Dong, DO, Crystal An, BA, Francis Caputo, MD, Sean Lyden, MD, Levester Kirksey, MD, Jon Quatromoni, MD, Christopher Smolock, MD, Jarrad Rowse, MD.
Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
OBJECTIVES: Complex open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair often necessitates revascularization of renal arteries by either renal artery reimplantation or bypass. This study aims to evaluate the perioperative and short term outcomes between these two strategies of renal artery revascularization.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent open AAA repair from 2004-2020 at our own institution. Patients who underwent elective suprarenal, juxtarenal, or type 4 thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair were identified using current procedural terminology (CPT) codes. Patients who had symptomatic aneurysm or significant renal artery stenosis prior to AAA repair were excluded. Patient demographics, intraoperative conditions, renal function, bypass patency and perioperative and postoperative outcome at 30 days and 1 year were compared. RESULTS: 143 patients underwent either renal artery reimplantation (n=86) or bypass (n=57) during this time period. The mean age was 69.7 years and 76.2% of the patients were male. Median preoperative creatinine was higher for the renal bypass group (1.2 vs 1.06 mg/dL, P=0.088); however, both groups had similar median preoperative glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of >60 mL/min (P=0.13). Bypass and reimplantation groups had similar perioperative complications including acute kidney injury (51.8% vs 49.4% P=0.78), inpatient dialysis (3.6% vs 1.2% P=0.56), myocardial infarction (1.8% vs 2.4% P=0.99), and death (3.5% vs 4.7% P=0.99), respectively. During the 30 day follow-up period, renal artery stenosis was identified in 8.2% of bypasses and 5.2% of reimplantations (P=0.71). 6.1% of patients in the bypass group had renal failure requiring dialysis compared to 1.3% in reimplantation group (P=0.3). For those who had 1 year follow up, 4 people in the reimplantation group (9.5%) developed renal artery stenosis on the operated side. CONCLUSIONS: Given that there is no significant difference in outcomes between renal artery reimplantation and bypass within 30 days or at 1 year follow-up, both bypass and re-implantation are acceptable means for renal artery revascularization during elective AAA repair.
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