Main SCVS Site
Final Program
Past & Future Meetings
 

 

Back to Annual Symposium Program


Robot and Vascular Surgery
Petr Stadler, Assoc. Prof., MD, PhD., Libor Dvoracek, MD, Petr Vitasek, MD, Pavel Matous, MD.
Na Homolce Hospital, Praha 5, Czech Republic.

OBJECTIVES:
The feasibility of robotically-assisted laparoscopic aortic surgery has been adequately demonstrated. The robot represents the next step in the use of minimally invasive surgery. Our clinical experience with robot-assisted aortoiliac reconstruction for occlusive diseases, aneurysms, and hybrid procedures performed using the da Vinci system is herein described.
METHODS:
Between November 2005 and March 2011, we performed 200 robot-assisted laparoscopic aortoiliac procedures. 158 patients were prospectively evaluated for occlusive diseases, 36 patients for abdominal aortic aneurysm, two for a common iliac artery aneurysm, two for a splenic artery aneurysm, and two for hybrid procedures. The robotic system was applied to construct the vascular anastomosis, for the thromboendarterectomy, for the aorto-iliac reconstruction with a closure patch, for dissection of the splenic artery, and for the posterior peritoneal suture. A combination of conventional laparoscopic surgeries and robotic surgeries were routinely included. A modified, fully-robotic approach without laparoscopic surgery was used in the last 30 cases in our series.
RESULTS:
193 cases (96,5%) were successfully completed robotically, one patient's surgery was discontinued during laparoscopy due to heavy aortic calcification. In six patients (3%) conversion was necessary. The thirty-day mortality rate was 0,5%, and non-lethal postoperative complications were observed in nine patients (4,5%).
CONCLUSIONS:
Our clinical experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has demonstrated the feasibility of this technique for aortoiliac vascular and hybrid procedures. The da Vinci robotic system facilitated the creation of the aortic anastomosis, and shortened the aortic clamping time as compared to purely laparoscopic techniques.
Robotic maneuvers are of exceptional value due to their unique ability to combine conventional laparoscopic surgery with stereoscopic 3D magnification and ultra-precise suturing techniques. However, previous laparoscopic aortoiliac experience is necessary before performing robot-assisted procedures in vascular surgery. Robotic surgery offers great potential for future hybrid procedures.


Back to Annual Symposium Program

 

 
© 2022 Society for Clinical Vascular Surgery . All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy.